12-year schoolsecondary education reformblogsMark bobrowski
According to the minister, schools will move to 12-year education, and curricula will be simplified
The Minister of Education and Science confirmed the intentions of the Ministry of Education and Science to move to 12-year schooling, as well as to simplify curricula. He said this during a visit to the specialized school No. 5 in Mariupol, which on January 24, 2015 was hit by terrorist shelling, according to the press service of the Ministry of Education and Science. “Important changes await the existing education system. Schools will switch to 12-year education,” Sergei Kvit said during a meeting with students and teachers of the Mariupol school. He also stressed that another key task of the Ministry of Education is to simplify the curriculum, because primary and secondary schools are so overloaded with information that children do not have time to be interested in learning. As you know, the Minister of Education and Science visited Mariupol, where he also held meetings with students and teachers of local universities.
▶ We need to introduce a 12-year school, – the minister▶ The high school will work according to the 5 + 4 + 3 scheme▶ The concept of educational development will give impetus to the discussion▶ Schools should form competitive graduates, – Grinevich▶ More about secondary education in Ukraine
The project, which was developed together with experts, was approved by parliament
Author: Lilia Hrynevych, Minister of Education and Science.
The project, which for more than three years, during my chairmanship in the Verkhovna Rada Committee, was developed jointly with leading experts, has survived many attempts to empty progressive norms from it, and was finally approved by the parliament.
There is still a finalization in the Committee, the 2nd reading and adoption in general.
This is a compromise option, the law is not ideal, but what is extremely important: Ukraine has taken an important step from the educational system of cogs for an outdated mechanism to an educational system in which the state seeks to give its citizens the opportunity to discover their opportunities through education.
The rights of the learner, not the system, are first at the heart of the law.
For the first time, all forms of education are equal in rights.
For the first time, the law prescribes adult education – we realize that it is almost impossible to get one profession for life in a constantly changing world.
For the first time, real principles are provided for the autonomy of educational institutions and pedagogical freedom of educators.
For the first time, the Law creates a mechanism for real control of the quality of education – because according to the current law, education departments provide the educational process and control themselves.
For the first time, an institutional platform is being created that should combine the requirements of employers and the labor market with higher education standards, so that university graduates do not leave universities and do not hear “now forget everything you taught …”
This law begins the New Ukrainian School, high-quality reform of vocational education and the completion of higher education reform.
Fact sheet – a short summary of the Law is posted on the MES website: http://mon.gov.ua/…/materiali-do-zakonu-ukrayini-pro-osvitu…
Thank you to the deputies for this historic decision. After all, the current Law “On Education” was adopted in the USSR (in June 1991).
And we work, we help to prepare the law to 2 readings.
The new bill, which the ministry has been working on, will be presented to the public in the coming days
The new bill “On Education” will introduce a new model of secondary education in Ukraine. This was announced by Deputy Minister of Education and Science Pavel Polyansky at a briefing on education reform. In particular, the developed draft law “On Education” provides for secondary education for 12 years, of which grades 1-5 are primary school, grades 6-9 are basic school, and grades 10-12 are specialized high school. The framework Law “On Education”, which was worked on by the Ministry of Education and Science, will be presented to the public in the coming days. The Deputy Minister noted that the strategy of the ministry is to conceptually reform and modernize Ukrainian education together with civil society. “It is inappropriate and wrong to make changes in education without public participation,” he said. According to Polyansky, the 5-year primary school will reduce the number of subjects and, accordingly, reduce the workload on children. In addition, after 5th grade, students will find it easier to adapt to the transition to learning with multiple teachers. For high school, students will choose a professional or academic profile. The number of subjects will also be significantly reduced. It is assumed that special attention will be paid to the training of teachers and their motivation, including financial. The Deputy Minister also said that the bill “On Education” will propose a new model of education management, which should be beneficial to every citizen, including children.
▶ The high school will work according to the 5 + 4 + 3 scheme▶ Minister: Schools will switch to 12-year education▶ More about secondary education in Ukraine
The head of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Science and Education spoke about how schooling will change
This year should be a year of reforms in education and medicine. This is what senior state officials have repeatedly emphasized. However, there is still no legal basis for launching the relevant processes. And if little is clear about the reform of the health care system so far, the framework bill “On Education” was submitted to the parliament on the eve of the New Year.
Among the innovations proposed by the Government are the introduction of a 12-year system of secondary education, the professionalization of high school, the granting of greater autonomy to educational institutions, and so on. Lilia Hrynevych, the head of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Science and Education, told Ukrinform about this and other things when the reform of the education sector begins, how the education in high school will change, what to expect from students in villages.
– Liliya Mykhailivna, On November 19, the Government introduced a new bill “On Education” in the parliament, but almost immediately the document was sent for revision. And on December 28, this bill was submitted to the Rada again. Which of its provisions became the most controversial and led to a return to revision?
– We understand the great responsibility in adopting such a sectoral law. The Law on Education should describe the reform, at least the main foundations of educational reform from preschool to adult education. Based on what is written in the sectoral law, special laws will be further developed – “On Preschool Education”, “On General Secondary Education”, “On Vocational Education”, “On Adult Education”, we already have a law “On Higher Education “.
Therefore, when such a legal act is adopted, it should not contain gaps. The bill introduced by the Cabinet of Ministers on November 19, in our opinion, contained https://123helpme.me/write-my-lab-report/ many gaps, so we returned it for revision.
The current draft law, which is really much better, has been finalized, for example, in terms of inclusive education, and has also included some things related to the National Qualifications Framework, mechanisms for involving parents in the educational process, and so on. This bill is now of better quality, but work on it will continue, now in parliament.
In particular, the bill proposes a model of a 12-year school, but we must take into account all the nuances associated with this process, so as not to repeat past mistakes. We must prescribe not only a 12-year term of study, but also the main changes – in the content of education, teacher training and so on.
In addition, there are still some gaps in the bill, in particular on the issue of linking the education system with the labor market.
– How will the process of transition to the proposed 12-year education system take place?
– First of all, the 12-year-old forces us to predict how the network of educational institutions will be organized. The Ministry of Education and Science proposes to keep the four-year primary school. But everyone is well aware of the problem of children in grades 5-6, when a child after primary school from one teacher comes to many subjects and many teachers – it is always a serious stress.
In many countries with a successful education system, such as Finland, children are taught by the same teachers for 7 years. It is important for us to understand how we organize the education of children in grades 5-6. These are still young children, very often in rural areas it is also not desirable to take them far to school, because they need to get up earlier, they come home after school. Our position is that primary school children should study as close to home as possible.
– Does this mean that the primary classes will remain, even if the understaffed school closes?
– Despite all the difficulties, we need to keep primary schools even in those small settlements where there are such children of preschool age and primary school age. We have established the principle that primary schools cannot be closed. If there are primary school children, children who are 6-9 years old, they can not be transported somewhere far away.
At the same time, I want to emphasize that children in grades 5-6 also need other approaches. And this problem is not solved in any way in the bill yet. Our working group decided not to include them completely in primary school, but within the primary school to allocate these classes as a separate cycle, which will have its own specifics of teaching, educational content and curriculum. It is necessary that such children do not have a large number of items.
Further, in rural areas, older children should attend a basic school that can provide them with a better quality of education than a small school, where one teacher teaches English, physics and physical education.